The Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) Code of Practice 2014 came into force on 1st September 2014 and introduced some key changes to SEND within school. This code of practice covers children from birth to 25 years old but does not change the main duty of the school. The major reforms mean that:
children’s SEN are picked up early and support is routinely put in place quickly
staff have the knowledge, understanding and skills to provide the right support for children and young people who have SEN or are disabled
parents know what they can reasonably expect their local school, college, LA & local services to provide, without having to fight for it
aspirations for children and young people are raised through an increased focus on life outcomes, including employment
for more complex needs, an integrated assessment and a single Education, Health and Care Plan are in place from birth to 25
there is greater control for parents and young people over the services they and their family use.
The SEND Code of Practice 2014 identifies 4 areas of special educational need with references to behavioural difficulties removed and a distinction that a child with medical needs will not necessarily have special educational needs. The 4 areas of need are:
1. Communication and Interaction - this covers speech, language and communication needs and includes Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
2. Cognition and Learning - this covers a range of needs where pupils learn at a slower pace than their peers
3. Social, Emotional and Mental - this covers a range of conditions including Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and attachment disorder
4. Sensory and Physical - this covers any disability which prevents or hinders a child from making use of general educational facilities and includes Visual Impairment (VI), Hearing Impairment (HI) and other Physical Disabilities (PD).