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Day 2

Today you will discuss changes to the way society operated and how the growth and changes within society fuelled the Industrial revolution.

BBC Iron Horses:

Before the Industrial Revolution, there were railways and railway lines across the country.  During the early parts of this era, people began to live for longer, and the population grew, which meant there was a need for better food and housing.  This growth resulted in more people moving to cities and towns to work and live. 

What do you think these changes would have been like?  How would it have made people feel?

Firstly, I would like you to listen to ‘Iron horses’ how did these changes affect the people of the time?  Then look at these websites to learn more about this topic area.  ( Listen to the tutorial)   (Lots of interesting information on Stevenson)  ( How the railways changed the lives of Victorian Britain?)

What can you find out about the new methods of transport and how they were important?


Task 1

Today I would like you to write a diary entry on the sheet below. Imagine that you are living during the Victorian era and experiencing massive changes all around you.  What would you write about?  What is important to you?  Do you have any concerns, wishes, hopes for the future?

(Make sure that you include a reference to the growth of the industries and how the railway supported these changes)


Task 2

During this session, you will be learning about change in Dartford during the 19th Century.

Dartford Train station was built in 1849 as part of the line between Gravesend and London.  Why do you think this was necessary? 

Look at the map from the 19th Century - What does it show?  What can you see?  Look at the land, evidence of population.

Now, look at the map from the early 20th Century – What does this map show?  What has changed in Dartford and why do you think this has happened?  Look at the industry in Dartford, the railway.  Why do you think the two areas are so closely linked?


Create a table exploring the differences in Dartford between the 19th and 20th Centuries.

Focus on land use, the railways, industry in Dartford and any other areas you find interesting.  Once you have completed your table, consider these differences.  Why did they happen and what would they have meant for Dartford and the people who lived there during these times?

Underneath your table, I would like you to draw some simple conclusions about what you have found linking these to the evidence you have on the maps.